Large block paved driveway in Epsom SurreyBlock paved driveway in Epsom

See below our FAQ's to help guide you

Light grey resin bonded driveway to detached property in Epsom SurreyLight grey resin bound driveway in Epsom

Stunning driveways

Dark grey resin bonded driveway in BansteadDark grey resin bound driveway in Banstead

Functional as well as attractive

resin driveway with res resin bound pathway through itresin driveway with res resin bound pathway through it

Let your imagination lead you

Kane Construction Services are driveway specialists.

Since 2003 we have strived to provide “quality” and have taught this to every member of staff we have had. With this in mind the business has grown to be a respectful, honest, hardworking company with all people working for us thriving to ensure everything is done right first time.

With our long experience in driveways and closely working alongside Surrey County Council and West Sussex County Council as approved contractors we have listed some frequently asked question to help guide you below.

We have laid out the frequently asked questions from being genuinely asked these on a regular basis but if there are any questions you would like answered please get in touch and we would be glad to help.

Resin bound driveway in light grey Epsom Surrey

Dropped kerbs and crossovers for your new driveway – FAQ’s

How do you apply for a drop kerb?

To apply for a dropped kerb or crossover you must first confirm with your local planning district or borough if you do or do not require planning permission.

Once you have received written confirmation from your local planning district you can then apply to Surrey County Council.

A helpful guide from Surrey County Council is available here.

Who do I contact in each regional area?

To find which district in Surrey you are under please visit this interactive Map from Surrey County Council here

How much does the application cost?

The application cost for Surrey County Council currently is:

Initial assessment (stage 1) £80.

This is for the Local district to assess if you require planning permission for your drop kerb or crossover.

  • The initial assessment / site visit
  • Marking out the proposed crossover (if applicable)
  • Preparation of some of the required documentation
  • Administration costs to the local authority
Full application (stage 2) £150

This covers

  • The administration costs for Surrey County Council
  • Contacting the Utility companies to see if they have any equipment buried at the site.
  • Management of the works with chosen contractor
  • Inspection of the site to make sure that it is built to the correct standards
Building costs £1500 (average)

Costs are dependent on

  • The size and gradient of the proposed crossover
  • Utility adjustment/diversion
  • Street furniture adjustment
  • How quickly the contractor can carry out the works
  • If traffic lights are needed or not to carry out the works
Vehicle crossover re-mark (optional) £80

Can you apply for a joint dropped kerb with your neighbour?

Yes. You and your neighbour will need to apply separately. The inspector where permitting, will approve for a shared access after a site visit.

How long would I expect for my drop kerb to be installed from point of application?

Once the payment has been sent to the council and we have been instructed we try to undertake within 3 weeks of being put on to our systems.

During periods when we are extremely busy, holiday seasons etc we may have a longer lead in time but will always try to get done as soon as possible.

What is on the Surrey County Council checklist?

The current Surrey County Council checklist for dropped kerbs and crossovers are

  • Have you checked the ‘Safety criteria’ and ‘Space criteria’ here against the amount of space at your property? Do you meet the criteria? If no, your application is likely to be refused.
  • Is there a tree trunk within one metre of the proposed crossover? If yes, your application is likely to be refused.
  • Is the proposed crossover closer than 1 metre to any item of street furniture such as a lamp column or road sign? If yes, your application is likely to be refused or the costs of relocating the items may be high.
  • Are there any formally designated on-street parking spaces on your road? If yes, your application is likely to be refused.
  • If you are applying to widen an existing VCO, do you want to widen it by more than one extra dropped kerb? If yes, your application is likely to be refused.
  • (We generally only allow a widening of one extra dropped kerb, dependant on the location and existing size of the VCO)
  • Are you the leaseholder or tenant? If yes, you must get permission from the freeholder before you apply.
  • A, B or C road? You will require planning permission. You may wish to contact Transport Development Planning for pre planning application advice if you have not already been granted planning permission.
  • D road? You may require planning permission. Written proof from your District or Borough Council will be needed to show if planning permission is or isn’t required.
  • Are you a developer, or carrying out a wider scheme of works which includes a vehicle crossover, rather than just works for a single household? This is not the right process for you. Please contact our Transport Development Planning Team instead.

What is traffic management and what costs are involved?

This is making the road safe for all its users whilst the work is in process, this could involve traffic lights, stop and go or give way to oncoming traffic depending on the volume of traffic.

Can you move street lights?

No, this must be taken care of by the council with their registered contractor unless on private land where we can get in all our own people to get the job done.

Can you remove trees ?

When on council land we must adhere to the councils regulations. They will normally deal with this when on their land.

Trees within domestic property boundaries will also have to be aware of ensuring a tree does not have a TPO (Tree Preservation Order) on the tree or you are not in an area of greenbelt or a conservation area which will affect what you are allowed to do as a homeowner. In these cases you must seek advice from an architect or the council to see what their procedures are in relation to trees.

What is a tree preservation order TPO?

All the information you’ll need on TPO’s can be found here.

If you are still a bit baffled by it all you can call us and we can put you in touch with a local Arborist who will give you advice.

What happens if you have a TPO and the tree is dangerous?

Seek advice from an Arborist ASAP.

We would advise you to secure the area and ensure that you see the qualifications of the company you contact and get the tree felled getting the correct permutations, removing any risk of being fined by your local authority.

You could be fined a lot of money if things are not done in the correct method, it is always within the best interest to get paperwork in place before removing anything, at least then you have peace of mind with no comebacks.

What happens if you live on a private road and want your kerb dropped?

You may have a committee who you would need to request permutation to undertake certain things which may be written in to your title deeds.

The neighbouring properties may have an issue with things like this getting done and may be worth approaching them first. We have had it before when a next door neighbour did not want there neighbour having a dropped kerb on a private road and parked their car there all the time to ensure it did not go ahead.

What happens if you live on a private road and want it resurfaced your road?

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How do you measure how much materials are required?

Everything is ordered by our office.

Area X depth divided by the materials compaction rate to ensure the correct quantity of tarmac arrives on site at the right times.

Everything is important when managing tarmac, ensuring there is as little disruption to the local area as possible

Resin driveways – FAQ’s

What are Resin Driveways?

A resin bound system is a surfacing solution that results from mixing resin and aggregates together in a forced action mixer. This creates a mixture that can be trowelled on to a surface to provide a smooth, flat finish.

A resin bound system is also known as ‘stone carpet’. Its seamless finish provides a decorative surface that is attractive and durable.

Because of the way it is mixed, allowing for small gaps between aggregates, a resin bound system is permeable. This means it is also a SUDS compliant solution.

The Resin Bound system can be overlaid to existing or new concrete or tarmac to create beautiful driveways, paths, car parks or any light traffic surfaces.

What is the difference between resin bonded or resin bound?

The Resin Bound System is a way of laying a hard wearing course of mixed resin onto a new or existing bitmac or concrete base. The main benefits of a resin bound system are

  • Flat finish with no loose gravel.
  • Strong and durable and will remain so for many years thanks to its low maintenance needs.
  • Allows water to pass through to the ground beneath.
  • Providing it is laid onto a permeable base, a resin bound system is a SUDS compliant solution.
  • Precise and flexible, allowing you to create stunning designs and shapes that would not be possible with other surface solutions.

The Resin bonded system is where the resin is spread across the base, and the aggregate is scattered into it. Most of the aggregate will adhere to the resin, while some will remain loose. This gives the appearance of loose gravel.

  • Because the aggregates are scattered on to a complete layer of resin, water cannot pass through; this means a resin bonded system is not porous.
  • A resin bonded system is not a SUDS compliant solution.

How much does a resin driveway cost?

The cost of a resin driveway including excavation, cart away, membrane, 150mm type one, 50mm of 10mm open graded and 18mm of resin bound gravel can be circa £100 per m2 depending on size. The larger the size normally the price per m2 can come down.

How long does it take for a resin drive to set?

Resin driveways are usually available to walk on after 8 hours.

We recommend that you do not drive any vehicles on to the new driveway until after 48 hours to give enough time for it to set correctly.

Can you lay resin bound in the rain?

No. Weather conditions such as rain, humidity, dew, wet aggregate or any other ground moisture can present a big danger to your Resin Bound system. Moisture and resin react together instantly, producing gas bubbles which will appear as foam or clouding within the resin. It is critical that you avoid moisture at all costs.

Also the ground / surface must be dry before laying.

Are resin bound driveways slippery?

When Resin bound driveways,are laid down it’s smoothed into a layer 15-20mm thick with the appearance of gravel. This type of resin driveway is limited in surface texture and can be slippery when icy or wet but is porous so there shouldn’t be much water on the surface.

Are resin driveways porous?

Resin Bound driveways are permeable, allowing water to pass through to the ground below.
It is SUDS compliant.

Resin bonded driveways are impermeable so they require drainage to be considered.
It is non SUDS compliant.

How do I clean my driveway?

Resin bound driveways are easy to clean. A pressure washer or garden hose can be used. Just be careful not to use hot water as this can affect the resin.

Do you need planning permission for a resin driveway?

As Resin Bound driveways are porous, they allow water to drain away easily. They are SUDS compliant (Sustainable Drainage System) and as such do not require planning permission.

What is SUDS compliant?

SUDS is the Sustainable Urban Drainage System.

Most natural ground surfaces like grass and soil allow water to soak through. In residential and urban areas, materials like tarmac and paving require drainage solutions to be compliant with regulations.

To prevent surface run off causing flooding and water pollution the Environment Agency enforces the SUDS regulations.

SUDS regulations are one of the reasons resin bound systems have become increasingly popular; they are designed to be permeable and can be used in accordance with SUDS building regulations. Even if you do not live in an urban or built up area, a resin bound driveway is highly encouraged to prevent flooding.

Download the Environment Agency guidelines here

Can you put resin on top of concrete?

No. Because concrete can expand this would cause the resin bonded surface to move and crack also.

What is the most cost effective driveway?

The main aspect of any driveway is the excavation. Then undertaking a soak away, adding an earth separation, weed suppressant, ground stabilisation (membrane) these are the basics in ensuring a good long lasting sub base.

Once this is installed at the correct level and the correct Type one recycled or quarried material is in rolled and compacted to the correct compaction rate. What you have as a finish is up to you.

There are no shortcuts for the most effective driveway without impacting on quality but the quickest and cheapest driveway is shingle, which can cover a large area quickly at 30mm to 50mm deep max.

This however means that foxes, cats etc will find your driveway a nice place to leave little present and any cigarette ends or litter can be a nuisance to pick out.

Tarmac and block paved driveways – FAQ’s

Is tarmac or block paving cheaper?

Depending on size of area, small areas of block paving circa 25m2 are normally cheaper than tarmac as waiting time for lorries, part load charges, plant and amount of labour required to get it down quick normally will make block paving the cheaper option for this size of an area.

Saying that, if there are other works we are doing in tarmac on the same day the cost can be spread over other works we are undertaking in the area.

We can get more done quickly if the job can wait till we have other work in the area at the same time.

What is a permeable driveway?

There are various ways of undertaking this depending on the desired finish.

Resin bound gravel, porous block paving, open graded tarmac all have an element of letting the water through.

This removes some of the fine aggregate binding the material together and therefore with tarmac will break up easier than close graded.

How much does it cost to re-tarmac a driveway?

This all depends on taste, in some cases clients can choose a product which could be £80 per m2 or £12 per m2 which at the end of the day if you have the money and you want that finish you are happy with, that is what we will lay.

There is a fine art to getting everything 100% but once it is done, time will always tell if the job is bad or good.

Electric car charging points – FAQ’s

What do I need to install a car charge point?

Your new car charging point must have dedicated off-street parking.

It must be installed on to a brick or other suitable permanent structure.

The car charge point can be up to 15m from the electricity meter and your new charge point.

Are there grants available for electric car charging points?

Yes. Your vehicle must be purchased after 1st Oct 2016.

You must not have claimed a previous grant for your vehicle and you are not exceeding the limit of two OLEV funded charge points per household.

Who are recognised charge point manufacturers?

At Kane Construction we are experienced installers of Pod Point electric car chargers.

For more detailed information visit Pod Point

Working with Surrey County Council and you

Kane Construction Services are an approved contractor with Surrey County Council and carry out dropped kerbs and crossovers on their behalf.

Over our many years of experience we’ve compiled a timeline and a few FAQ’s to help you understand the process and the time it takes to complete your dropped kerb.

  • Payment received by the council


    We receive notification and details from the council

  • 2

    Preliminary date to start is given

    Once we receive confirmation from the Council of your intents we then schedule the works and send notification to you of a provisional start date.

  • Work begins


    The start date can be several weeks after you have made payment to the council

    Working with driveways can be weather dependable. If there is a period of wet inclement weather this can affect our schedule. We will do our very best to keep you informed of any delay.

  • 4

    Driveway completed

    Once we have completed your driveway / dropped kerb we will recommend a period of time before it can be used by traffic.

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Dropped Kerb with resin driveway in Epsom

What our customers are saying

This job was done very well and we are more than happy with the workmen and finished job. I would highly recommend this company.

Customer in SuttonOutside patio and drive

Kane Construction provides a very high standard of work. They are professional, very thorough, and completed the works on my unsafe manhole in the driveway well above my expectations. I would highly recommend this company. A fantastic service!

Customer in South CroydonManhole cover replaced on residential driveway

I am impressed by this Company’s communication. They responded to any questions very promptly. They gave a very detailed quotation. The workmen arrived on time and were pleasant. They kept us informed on the day. The quality of the work is excellent and I have no hesitation in recommending them.

Customer in EpsomVehicle crossover (dropped kerb)

Work carried out in accordance with estimate in a methodical and professional manner.

Customer in Chessington,Dig out old concrete drive and replace with tarmac.

Very friendly would not hesitate to recommend. Good job, everything was left clean and tidy.

Customer in Staines-upon-Thames Vehicle crossover and preparing driveway

Couldn’t fault the work or quality. Office was supposed to call ahead to arrange the appointment, but didn’t. Luckily I was working locally so the work could go ahead.

Customer in AddlestoneVehicle crossover

Excellent work. Lovely workmen. Very happy and would definitely recommend and gave feed back to the council when they came for a site visit to check the work.

Customer in Thames DittonDrop curb/crossover.

Very good team that done the work.

Customer in OxtedDropped kerb.

Arrived on time and as scheduled, did a very good job.

Customer in West Byfleet Dropped Kerb

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